Python Analyzer Updates -- January 2021

New Issues:

10 new issues have been added to the Python analyzer. Here are the issues with examples:

Bad async magic method (PTC-W0045):

class BadClass:
    async def __lt__(self, other):

Unit test class with no tests (PTC-W0046):

import unittest

def Tests(unittest.TestCase):
    def my_test(self, arg1, arg2):
        self.assertEquals(arg1, arg2)

Empty block of code (PTC-W0047):

for _ in range(10):
    pass

if statements can be merged (PTC-W0048):

if condition1:
    if condition2:
        dosomething()

Function/method with an empty body (PTC-W0049):

def my_func(foo="Noncompliant"):
    pass

class MyClass:
    def mymethod1(self, foo="Noncompliant"):
        pass

Duplicate elements during set declaration (PTC-W0050):

my_set = {"one", "two", "one"}

def myfunc(a, b, c):
    my_set = {a, b, a, c}

Abstract method does not raise NotImplementedError (PTC-W0053):

import abc

class Vehicle:
    __metaclass__ = abc.ABCMeta

    @abc.abstractmethod
    def method_to_implement(self, input):
        return

Special method should return NotImplemented (PTC-W0054):

class A:
    def __init__(self, val): 
        self.val = val 
    
    def __add__(self, other): 
        raise NotImplementedError
         
class B: 
    def __init__(self, val): 
        self.val = val 
        
    def __add__(self, other): 
        return self.val + other.val 
     
    def __radd__(self, other): 
        return self.val + other.val
                
A(1) + B(1)  # This will raise `NotImplementedError`

Audit Issue: Unverified server certificate (PTC-W6001):

import ssl

context = ssl.create_default_context()
ctx3.verify_mode = ssl.CERT_NONE  # Setting this won't verify the certificate

Audit Issue: Unverified server hostname (PTC-W6002):

import ssl

context = ssl._create_stdlib_context()  # by default hostname verification is not done

Autofix Additions:

The Python analyzer can now automatically fix 6 more issues.

PTC-W0043:

This fixer removes the unnecessary del statement from the local scope.

PTC-W0044:

This changes the use of len(seq) - 1 to get the last element.
So, an occurrence like seq[len(seq)-1] would be changed to seq[-1].

PTC-W0045:

This fixer converts the async magic method into a regular method.

PTC-W0050:

This fixer removes duplicate elements during a set declaration

PTC-W9006:

Provide blank=True for a field with null=True to Django fields that allow null but not blank.

PTC-W9007:

Remove redundant default=None from Django fields.

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